Exploring Consumption and Effects of Carbonated Soft Drink Among Secondary School Students in Rahim Yar Khan (Pakistan)

Authors

  • Syed Hussain Ali Shah University of Okara, Pakistan. Author
  • Asif Bilal University of Okara, Pakistan. Author
  • Mehboob Khan Durrani Muhammad Nawaz Sharif University of Agriculture Multan. Author
  • Muhammad Kamran Irshad Cholistan University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences Bahawalpur, Author
  • Zille Humma University of Education, Lahore, Author
  • Sheraz Khan University of Okara. Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.62345/jads.2024.13.1.36

Keywords:

Carbonated Soft Drinks, Knowledge, Students, Urban and Rural, RY Khan

Abstract

This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes and practices of secondary school students regarding carbonated drinks in the district of Rahim Yar Khan, Punjab, Pakistan. This study was conducted through a self-reported questionnaire, and 350 students participated in the survey from rural (n=148; 42.29%) and urban areas (n=202; 57.71%). 77.02% of rural students and 84.65% of urban students were aware of carbonated drinks. 31.08% of rural and 44.05% of urban students were mindful of carbonated drinks' components (p=0.014). 16.89% of rural students and 81.76% of urban students were known to know the caloric values of carbonated drinks (p<0.001). 89.19% of rural and 96.04% of urban students were aware of sugar-free carbonated drinks (p=0.012). 85.81% of rural students and 76.73% of urban students believed that consuming carbonated drinks is bad for health (p=0.034). 66.89 %, 11.49%, 34.46% 70.95% & 68.92% rural students and 82.18%, 40.09%, 29.21%, 84.16% & 83.17% urban students thought that carbonated drinks had association with obesity (p=0.001), bone decay (< 0.001), dental caries (p=0.296), belching (p=0.003) and hyperacidity (p=0.002) respectively. 66.89% & 75.68% of rural students and 74.25% & 79.21% of urban students believed that carbonated drinks were associated with diabetes type II and sleep disturbance, respectively. 64.19% of rural and 71.78% of urban respondents showed positive attitudes and agreed to stop consuming soft drinks. Most secondary school students from both areas preferred to drink carbonated soft drinks even with their awareness of the health issues of these drinks. Potential repercussions from the authorities in charge of the government might raise people's awareness of the problem.

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Author Biographies

  • Syed Hussain Ali Shah, University of Okara, Pakistan.

    Department of Zoology, University of Okara, Pakistan.

  • Asif Bilal, University of Okara, Pakistan.

    Department of Zoology, University of Okara, Pakistan. Corresponding Author Email: asifsyed240@gmail.com

  • Mehboob Khan Durrani, Muhammad Nawaz Sharif University of Agriculture Multan.

    Department of Public Health, Muhammad Nawaz Sharif University of Agriculture Multan, Pakistan.

  • Muhammad Kamran Irshad, Cholistan University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences Bahawalpur,

    Department of Zoology, Cholistan University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences Bahawalpur, Pakistan.

  • Zille Humma, University of Education, Lahore,

    Department of Zoology, University of Education, Lahore, Pakistan.

  • Sheraz Khan, University of Okara.

    Department of Zoology, University of Okara, Pakistan.

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Published

2024-02-28

How to Cite

Exploring Consumption and Effects of Carbonated Soft Drink Among Secondary School Students in Rahim Yar Khan (Pakistan). (2024). Journal of Asian Development Studies, 13(1), 422-435. https://doi.org/10.62345/jads.2024.13.1.36

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