Socio-Economic Problems of Agricultural Laborers in Punjab (Pakistan)

Authors

  • Farhat Jamshed Government Municipal Graduate College Faisalabad Author
  • Afzaal Afzal Housing Urban Development and Public Health Engineering Department, Punjab Author
  • Muhammad Arshad Department of Social Work, University of the Punjab, Lahore Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.62345/jads.2024.13.1.79

Keywords:

Agricultural Labor Force, Agricultural Development,, Socioeconomic Problems, Agricultural Laborer

Abstract

The development of the agriculture sector is one of the most imperative factors for fulfilling basic human needs, alleviating poverty, boosting shared prosperity, and becoming a significant contributor to national development for most developing countries. Over one billion of the world's labour force is engaged directly and indirectly in this sector, one-third of the world's workforce. Unfortunately, the laborers working in the agriculture sector face multidimensional socioeconomic problems such as poor livelihood conditions, meagre employment circumstances, long working hours, fewer rewards, unavailability of basic safety facilities, remuneration and pitiable nutrition, among others. To understand the contributing factors responsible for socioeconomic problems, this study was conducted in three divisions of Punjab province: Gujranwala, Faisalabad, and Dera Ghazi Khan. For this purpose, a multistage simple random sampling procedure was applied to approach the participants. The interview schedule was used as a tool for data collection and validated through pilot testing. The study's findings revealed that the laborers’ employment conditions could have been more conducive while agricultural laborers were receiving lesser wages. The agricultural laborers have to face many health hazards. In contrast, the majority of the laborers were exploited only due to their illiteracy and ignorance about Government policies and laws related to them. Many participants reported chronic socioeconomic problems significantly associated with their working environment, amenities and available facilities. 

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Author Biographies

  • Farhat Jamshed, Government Municipal Graduate College Faisalabad

    Assistant Professor, Government Municipal Graduate College Faisalabad, Pakistan.

    Email: farhatbaloch146@gmail.com

  • Afzaal Afzal, Housing Urban Development and Public Health Engineering Department, Punjab

    Community Development Officer, Housing Urban Development and Public Health Engineering Department, Punjab. Correspondence: email: afzaal.afzal2010@gmail.com

  • Muhammad Arshad, Department of Social Work, University of the Punjab, Lahore

    Assistant Professor, Department of Social Work, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan.

    Email: arshad.dsw@pu.edu.pk

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Published

2024-03-30

How to Cite

Socio-Economic Problems of Agricultural Laborers in Punjab (Pakistan). (2024). Journal of Asian Development Studies, 13(1), 959-969. https://doi.org/10.62345/jads.2024.13.1.79

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