Impact of Corporate Soial Responsibility (CSR) on Tax Avoidance with the Moderating Role of Business Strategy: Evidence from Pakistan

Authors

  • Aamir Abdur Rehman University of Sahiwal, Sahiwal Author
  • Rana Muhammad Ayaz bin Mehmood Government College University Faisalabad, Layyah Campus, Layyah Author
  • Akmal Hussain University of Sahiwal, Sahiwal Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.62345/jads.2024.13.2.51

Keywords:

Business Strategy, Corporate Social Responsibility, Tax Avoidance

Abstract

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is a fascinating topic since it is an essential element of the business’s strategy for increasing its worth from the perspective of investors. This study aims to examine the impact of corporate social responsibility on tax avoidance with the moderating role of business strategy in the context of Pakistan. The CSR spending ratio measures CSR, while tax avoidance is measured by GAAP ETR from 2016 to 2020. Data for this study was acquired from the Pakistan Stock Exchange (PSX), 120 listed nonfinancial firms. In this study, tax avoidance is the dependent variable, while CRS is the independent variable. Firm size, performance, leverage, dividend payout ratio, capital expenditure, and sales growth are all control variables for analyzing tax avoidance. The moderating variable in this study was business strategy, which has been utilized to assess the association between CRS and tax avoidance. Regression results of the random effect model (REM) show a significant positive relationship between the CSR spending ratio and tax payments at 10%, fixed effect model (FEM) at 5%, and generalized methods of moments (GMM) estimation at 1% level of significance respectively, indicating that firms with higher CSR spending are more likely to carry out tax payment activities. The findings also show a negative and significant (FEM and GMM at 5%, REM at 1%) relationship between business strategy and tax payment in non-financial firms listed on the PSX, indicating a positive relationship between business strategy and tax avoidance. The study examined that CSR and profitability have a positive impact on tax avoidance, whereas board size, leverage, and dividend payout ratio has an inverse relationship to tax avoidance. This study also explored that business strategy has positive moderates with the association of CRS and tax avoidance in the context of Pakistan.

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Author Biographies

  • Aamir Abdur Rehman, University of Sahiwal, Sahiwal

    Department of Business Administration, University of Sahiwal, Sahiwal, Pakistan.

    Email: 2021-ba-6721@uosahiwal.edu.pk

  • Rana Muhammad Ayaz bin Mehmood, Government College University Faisalabad, Layyah Campus, Layyah

    Department of Commerce and Business Administration, Government College University Faisalabad, Layyah Campus, Layyah. Email: rana595949@gmail.com

  • Akmal Hussain, University of Sahiwal, Sahiwal
    Department of Business Administration, University of Sahiwal, Sahiwal, Pakistan.

    Email: 2021-ba-6724@uosahiwal.edu.pk

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Published

2024-06-01

How to Cite

Impact of Corporate Soial Responsibility (CSR) on Tax Avoidance with the Moderating Role of Business Strategy: Evidence from Pakistan. (2024). Journal of Asian Development Studies, 13(2), 636-656. https://doi.org/10.62345/jads.2024.13.2.51

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